Climate Change https://www.iatp.org/issues/climate-change en Climate change and a new agricultural system https://www.iatp.org/climate-change-and-new-agricultural-system <span>Climate change and a new agricultural system</span> <span><span lang="" about="/about/staff/account/colleen-borgendale" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">Colleen Borgendale</span></span> <span>Thu, 08/08/2019 - 16:45</span> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p><em>This week, the United Nation's <a href="https://www.ipcc.ch/" target="_blank">Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)</a> released a long-awaited <a href="https://www.ipcc.ch/report/srccl/" target="_blank">report</a> on land, climate change and agriculture.* The report’s findings confirm that the agriculture and food systems on which we now depend are no longer viable. </em></p> <p><em>Individual consumer choices in the global north, about what to eat, won’t be enough to get rid of a bad system, nor will they be enough to build a just transition to a better one. </em></p></div> Thu, 08 Aug 2019 21:45:03 +0000 Colleen Borgendale 44031 at https://www.iatp.org Fixing a Broken System That Promotes Climate Change and Depletion of Global Fisheries: WTO Subsidy Reform Is Just the Tip of the (Melting) Iceberg https://www.iatp.org/documents/fixing-broken-system-promotes-climate-change-and-depletion-global-fisheries-wto-subsidy <div data-history-node-id="44043" class="node node--type-document node--view-mode-rss field-primary-category-trade has-field-primary-category has-field-teaser-image title-not-empty ds-1col clearfix"> <div class="field field--name-field-author field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Author</div> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/about/staff/sharon-anglin-treat" hreflang="en">Sharon Anglin Treat</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p>This story was first published in the August 2019 Environmental Law and Policy Annual Review (ELPAR) issue of ELR News &amp; Analysis.</p> <hr /><h2>Introduction</h2> <p>Our planet is hurtling toward dramatic and devastating impacts from climate change caused in large part by our reliance on fossil fuels. Meanwhile, liberalized trading rules have promoted a global economy heavily reliant on trade, which itself increases greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. The climate impact of trade is manifested directly through reliance on global supply chains and as food and finished goods are shipped halfway around the world to consumers; and indirectly as trade rules are used to attack domestic policies that support fossil fuel alternatives while giving a free pass to subsidies that increase GHG emissions.<sup>1</sup> One consequence well underway is ocean warming and acidification leading to significant declines in fish stocks that are already threatened by overfishing.<sup>2</sup> There is also a direct link between fisheries subsidies and GHG emissions: by one estimate, 22 percent of these subsidies go to the purchase of fuel for fishing vessels and to lower the costs of fuel-dependent ships.<sup>3</sup> With recent comprehensive United Nations assessments<sup>4</sup> and U.S. government data<sup>5</sup> concluding that destructive climate changes are well advanced, it is clear we must effectively tackle trade-related contributions to GHG emissions before it is too late.</p> <p>Prof. Timothy Meyer of Vanderbilt University Law School has contributed to our knowledge about the relationship between trade policy and both climate change and fishing sustainability in his article, “Free Trade, Fair Trade, and Selective Enforcement”<sup>6</sup> by providing a comprehensive inventory of World Trade Organization-related subsidy challenges and investigations related to energy, fishing, and aquaculture and exploring the social costs of these challenges. Meyer argues that the selective enforcement of WTO subsidy prohibitions against renewable energy and aquaculture, but not against fossil fuel and wild fishing, distort trade markets to the detriment of the environment, by promoting environmentally unsustainable practices and slowing development of competitive more environmentally- friendly products. He offers as a solution centralized WTO investigation and enforcement authority to insure even-handed treatment of environmental products.</p> <!-- <ol><li>See <em>generally</em> Report of the Working Group on Trade, Investment, and Climate Policy, <em>Trade in the Balance: Reconciling Trade and Climate Policy</em> (2016), https://www.bu.edu/pardee/files/2016/11/Pardee_ TradeClimate_110316final.pdf(hereinafter Trade in the Balance).</li> <li><em>See</em> Kendra Pierre-Louis, <em>The World Is Losing Fish to Eat as Oceans Warm, Study Finds</em>, N.Y. Times (Feb. 28, 2019), https://www.nytimes.com/2019/02/28/ climate/fish-climate-change.html.</li> <li>Markus Gehring, <em>From Fisheries Subsidies to Energy Reform Under International Trade Law</em>, CIGI Papers No. 188, at 4 (2018), https://www.cigionline. org/sites/default/files/documents/Paper%20no.188web.pdf.</li> <li><em>See</em> Coral Davenport, <em>Major Climate Report Describes a Strong Risk of Crisis as Early as 2040</em>, N.Y. Times (Oct. 7, 2018), https://www.nytimes. com/2018/10/07/climate/ipcc-climate-report-2040.html; <em>see also</em> United Nations Environment Report, <em>Global Environment Outlook 6</em> (Mar. 4, 2019), https://www.unenvironment.org/resources/global-environment-outlook-6.</li> <li><em>See</em> David Malakoff, <em>Climate Change Poses Major Threat to United States, New Government Report Concludes</em>, Science (Nov. 23, 2018), https://www. sciencemag.org/news/2018/11/climate-change-poses-major-threat-us-newgovernment- report-concludes.</li> <li>Timothy Meyer, <em>Free Trade, Fair Trade, and Selective Enforcement</em>, 118 Colum. L. Rev. 2, 491 (2018), https://columbialawreview.org/wp-content/ uploads/2018/03/Meyer-Free-Trade-Fair-Trade-and-Selective-Enforcement. pdf.</li> </ol> <p>--> <hr /><p><a href="https://www.iatp.org/sites/default/files/2019-08/2019_Treat_EnvironmentalLawInstitute.pdf" target="_blank">Download the PDF to read the full article and footnotes.</a></p> <hr /><p>This article is republished with permission from the Environmental Law Institute®, Washington, DC. Reprinted with permission from ELR®, <a href="http://www.eli.org" target="_blank">http://www.eli.org</a>, 1-800-433-5120, Copyright © 2019.</p> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-primary-category field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Primary category</div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/trade2" hreflang="en">Trade</a></div> </div> </div> Thu, 01 Aug 2019 19:34:17 +0000 Colleen Borgendale 44043 at https://www.iatp.org Landmark New York climate policy sets high bar https://www.iatp.org/blog/201907/landmark-new-york-climate-policy-sets-high-bar <span>Landmark New York climate policy sets high bar</span> <span><span lang="" about="/user/2863" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">Chris Palmquist</span></span> <span>Thu, 07/18/2019 - 08:15</span> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p paraeid="{d229c6b6-c15b-4f32-971f-1694073eaea1}{177}" paraid="1435985318">The state of New York’s <a href="https://nyassembly.gov/leg/?default_fld=&amp;leg_video=&amp;bn=A08429&amp;term=2019&amp;Summary=Y&amp;Actions=Y&amp;Text=Y" rel="noreferrer" target="_blank">climate change policy</a> signed into law in June sets ambitious mandates for carbon free electricity by 2040 and requires net zero climate emissions by 2050. But the policy’s novel approach to land-based offsets, and protections for disadvantaged communities and workers as part of a just transition, could set a new bar for other s</p></div> Thu, 18 Jul 2019 13:15:28 +0000 Chris Palmquist 44006 at https://www.iatp.org Did Obama's trade legacy just hammer the Green New Deal? https://www.iatp.org/blog/201907/did-obamas-trade-legacy-just-hammer-green-new-deal <span>Did Obama&#039;s trade legacy just hammer the Green New Deal?</span> <span><span lang="" about="/user/2863" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">Chris Palmquist</span></span> <span>Tue, 07/16/2019 - 11:33</span> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p>One of core elements of the proposed <a href="https://www.congress.gov/bill/116th-congress/house-resolution/109/text">Green New Deal</a> is a just transition—the creation of fair wage jobs that benefit communities, particularly those currently or formerly dependent on high polluting industries. In early July, a World Trade Organization (WTO) <a href="https://www.wto.org/english/news_e/news19_e/510r_e.htm">dispute panel ruled</a> that renewable energy policies that supported local green jobs in eight U.S. states violate international trade rules.</div> Tue, 16 Jul 2019 16:33:58 +0000 Chris Palmquist 44002 at https://www.iatp.org New Zealand Zero Carbon Act targets big dairy farming https://www.iatp.org/blog/201906/new-zealand-zero-carbon-act-targets-big-dairy-farming <span>New Zealand Zero Carbon Act targets big dairy farming</span> <span><span lang="" about="/user/2863" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">Chris Palmquist</span></span> <span>Tue, 06/25/2019 - 14:01</span> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p><span><span><span>New Zealand's proposed <span><span><a href="https://www.parliament.nz/en/pb/bills-and-laws/bills-proposed-laws/document/BILL_87861/climate-change-response-zero-carbon-amendment-bill">Zero Carbon Act</a></span></span> would be one of the first globally to set greenhouse gas (GHG) emission reductions targets for agriculture, including dairy production.</div> Tue, 25 Jun 2019 19:01:48 +0000 Chris Palmquist 43986 at https://www.iatp.org Minnesota's fertilizer law: Cleaner water, fewer emissions https://www.iatp.org/blog/201905/minnesotas-fertilizer-law-cleaner-water-fewer-emissions <span>Minnesota&#039;s fertilizer law: Cleaner water, fewer emissions</span> <span><span lang="" about="/user/2863" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">Chris Palmquist</span></span> <span>Tue, 05/28/2019 - 13:40</span> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p><span><span><span>In the coming weeks, Minnesota is expected to adopt new regulations for agricultural <span><span><a href="https://www.mda.state.mn.us/fertilizer-source-nitrate-groundwater">fertilizer use designed to limit water pollution</a></span></span>, a move that could also have climate benefits. Synthetic fertilizer use is a major source of agriculture-related greenhouse gas emissions both in Minnesota and nationally. </span></span></span></p></div> Tue, 28 May 2019 18:40:06 +0000 Chris Palmquist 43973 at https://www.iatp.org Climate change, CAFTA and forced migration https://www.iatp.org/blog/201908/climate-change-cafta-and-forced-migration <span>Climate change, CAFTA and forced migration</span> <span><span lang="" about="/user/2863" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">Chris Palmquist</span></span> <span>Thu, 05/16/2019 - 14:32</span> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p><span><span><span>On the last day of April, 16-year-old <span>Juan de León Gutiérrez</span> <span><span><a href="https://thehill.com/latino/441645-16-year-old-unaccompanied-migrant-dies-in-us-custody">died in U.S. government custody</a></span></span> in Texas. It was just 10 days since he had crossed the border after migrating from his home in Guatemala.</div> Thu, 16 May 2019 19:32:45 +0000 Chris Palmquist 43964 at https://www.iatp.org When climate goals and trade rules collide https://www.iatp.org/blog/201904/when-climate-goals-and-trade-rules-collide <span>When climate goals and trade rules collide</span> <span><span lang="" about="/user/2863" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">Chris Palmquist</span></span> <span>Mon, 04/08/2019 - 11:34</span> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p><span><span><span>Countries are increasingly advancing proposals to address climate concerns within new and existing trade agreements. Most modern trade agreements, and governing bodies like the World Trade Organization, were negotiated with little or no acknowledgement of the climate crisis. While the 2015 Paris Climate Agreement is based on voluntary pledges, trade agreements include legally binding enforcement tools that are now being considered in the climate context.</span></span></span></p></div> Mon, 08 Apr 2019 16:34:43 +0000 Chris Palmquist 43950 at https://www.iatp.org Latest agriculture emissions data show rise of factory farms https://www.iatp.org/blog/201904/latest-agriculture-emissions-data-show-rise-factory-farms <span>Latest agriculture emissions data show rise of factory farms</span> <span><span lang="" about="/user/2863" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">Chris Palmquist</span></span> <span>Tue, 03/26/2019 - 08:08</span> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p><span><span><span>New data from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) shows a steady increase in agriculture-related greenhouse gas emissions, much of it linked to industrial systems of crop production and the rise of factory farm systems of animal production. The annually updated GHG data is designed to track U.S. emissions related to the Paris Climate Agreement and to inform national and state-level climate policy. </span></span></span></p></div> Tue, 26 Mar 2019 13:08:15 +0000 Chris Palmquist 43939 at https://www.iatp.org State soil health initiatives respond to climate change https://www.iatp.org/blog/201902/state-soil-health-initiatives-respond-climate-change <span>State soil health initiatives respond to climate change</span> <span><span lang="" about="/user/2863" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">Chris Palmquist</span></span> <span>Mon, 02/18/2019 - 10:05</span> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p>It’s still winter in the U.S., but that’s not stopping states from looking into how the soil beneath the snow can respond to climate change. Massachusetts, New Mexico and Nebraska are following the lead set by states like <a href="https://www.cdfa.ca.gov/healthysoils/">California</a>, <a href="http://planning.hawaii.gov/carbon-farming-task-force/">Hawaii</a> and <a href="https://fairfarmsnow.org/press-release-gov-sign-healthy-soils-legislation/">Maryland</a> in considering legislation that promotes soil health practices designed to both adapt to and mitigate climate change.  </p></div> Mon, 18 Feb 2019 16:05:13 +0000 Chris Palmquist 43918 at https://www.iatp.org