Many new agricultural and food technologies are being developed or already utilized with limited or no regulation. TTIP will make rulemaking in the public interest much more difficult in the future for technologies such as gene editing and cloning.
Labour and environmental regulations related to the meat industry are inadequate on both sides of the Atlantic and need to be strengthened. Trade unions and environmental campaigns have achieved incremental gains; however, TTIP is likely to make it difficult to improve regulations.
The chilling effect of TTIP’s (de)regulatory cooperation provisions will make it increasingly challenging in the future to effectively regulate impacts of the meat industry on climate change and other as yet unforeseen issues.
Investor State Dispute Settlement (ISDS) provisions in TTIP are likely to thwart efforts to effectively regulate the global meat industry’s growing power and will exponentially expand the number of corporations empowered to use these provisions. With ISDS, transnational meat corporations such as JBS and Smithfield--present and expanding on both sides of the Atlantic--could be newly empowered to challenge regulations that hurt their bottom line, even if they are nominally headquartered in other countries such as Brazil and China.
As I stated in the press release announcing the report, “The U.S. simply lacks essential rules that should curb the meat industry’s worse practices that cost taxpayers millions in environmental and public health costs. The Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) negotiations are already influencing European policy even without being agreed to—this is clear from the EU’s recent decision to scrap their methane cap from their National Emissions Ceilings Directive. With TTIP, the EU industry will also ensure that pending decisions on critical issues such as cloning and glyphosate are made with trade ‘competitiveness’ in mind and not the public interest. A TTIP deal would basically hand over Europe’s animal farming sector on a silver platter to transnational meat corporations—through tariffs and quota expansions, but definitively through the sweeping de-regulatory changes the industry hopes to win through the accord.”
Sharon Treat, lead author and former U.S. state legislator said: “The analysis clearly shows that regulatory processes for key issues that the European and American public care about—from climate change, GMOs, country of origin labelling or future rules on technologies such as gene editing--will be affected. The meat industry will be able to use TTIP to effectively undermine efforts to regulate the negative environmental and public health impacts of their industrialized practices in the future—not just at the EU and federal level, but for EU Member States and U.S. states as well.”