Extreme heat is a deadly consequence of climate change, and this summer was the hottest summer on record since global records began. From Arizona to Japan, extreme heat persisted for weeks, and from Canada to Hawaii, heat-aggravated wildfires wreaked havoc. In this context, countries will gather to coordinate their response to the climate crisis this November and December at the annual Conference of the Parties (COP), part of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). The goal of each COP is to identify avenues of global cooperation to address the crisis. Since the Paris Climate Agreement was ratified in 2016 following COP21, negotiations have focused on the advancement and implementation of that framework, including ratcheting up national commitments to reduce emissions, coordinating global adaptation strategies, and setting structures and priorities for climate finance for countries facing the most severe effects of the climate crisis. This year marks the first Global Stocktake, or the first assessment of progress made toward meeting the Paris Agreement climate goals of reducing emissions consistent with 1.5˚C. The findings of the stocktake are expected to set the course for global climate action for the next several years.
The United Arab Emirates is hosting the 28th COP (or COP28) in Dubai. On the official agenda laid out by the president of COP28 are the “four Fs” based on the Paris Agreement: fast-tracking the transition to a low-CO2 world; fixing climate finance; focusing on people, lives and livelihoods; and full inclusivity. There will also be a special focus on food systems, including the launch of a 1.5-degree Roadmap for Food Systems from the U.N. Food and Agriculture Organization. And for the first time, the COP will include a discussion of trade agreements and their role in responding to the climate crisis.
IATP has engaged with the U.N. climate talks for more than two decades, advocating for bolder action to reduce emissions and deeper investments in a just transition, particularly for food and agriculture. While the yearly conference is compromised by the inclusion of major polluters and has repeatedly failed to produce the ambitious outcomes needed to address the worsening crisis, it remains a key moment to highlight climate challenges and true solutions.
As we head into COP28 (November 30-December 12), IATP’s analysis and advocacy will aim to:
Discredit empty “Net Zero” claims and carbon offsets: Pursuing a net-zero goal enables polluters (agribusiness and fossil fuel companies) to continue status quo operations and “offset” their emissions with land-based carbon credits. Carbon offsets are traded on carbon markets, which are an unreliable source of climate finance. We’ll join others in demanding that countries and agribusiness companies don’t offset their emissions, make real emissions cuts and approach Real Zero!
Advocate for agroecology to reduce emissions and build resilience: We don’t need to pollute our planet to ensure food security. Rather, agroecology offers a pathway forward to transform our food systems, from production to consumption to waste management, in a way that addresses the polycrises plaguing our systems and protects and promotes biodiversity and resilience.
Demand international methane action: Agriculture is the world’s largest methane source and is the low-hanging fruit of greenhouse gas emissions: Methane is 80 times more potent than carbon dioxide over a 20-year period and more short-lived. Through our research on the methane emissions of some of the world’s largest livestock companies, IATP has highlighted the need to cut and regulate methane emissions. This year, governments must take action to reduce methane emissions, not pursue false solutions like biogas from giant manure lagoons or feed additives, both of which could further entrench a factory farm system of animal production that harms the environment and rural communities.
Spotlight livestock corporations’ greenwashing: The total combined livestock emissions of 15 of the world’s largest meat and dairy companies exceed the individual emissions of ExxonMobil, BP and Shell. Yet, many of these companies claim to have ambitious climate targets. We’ll continue to expose these agribusiness’ claims as rhetoric and marketing ploys.
Why isn't IATP at COP28?
This year, IATP will not attend COP28 in person. On the heels of last year’s COP27 in Egypt, boycotted by some because of the country’s human rights record, this year’s COP28 will be hosted by yet another country with a history of human rights abuses and an economy based on fossil fuel exports. Restrictions on peaceful protests and other avenues for peoples’ voices to be heard on critical issues threaten the credibility of COP28 and the UNFCCC. IATP will work closely with partners at COP28 to advance our collective goals for stronger climate action.
The UNFCCC’s repeated choice of host countries that disregard human rights and do not value the role of civil society makes participation in COPs more difficult. The ability of civil society organizations to inform and influence climate negotiations is of vital importance for producing outcomes that better reflect true solutions and the needs of the world’s people. There is enormous need for reform within the UNFCCC. IATP supports the work of groups leading efforts to democratize the COP, making it more open and transparent to civil society.