To read the full letter to the European Commission – Executive Vice-President Frans Timmermans on sustainable carbon cycles, download a PDF of the letter.
Dear Executive Vice-President Timmermans,
We are writing to you in the context of the anticipated Sustainable Carbon Cycles Communication. We believe it has significant merits, but risks seriously undermining its own declared purpose of climate ambition.
First, the initiative has the potential to deliver important steps forward. We welcome that deep emission reductions take priority over carbon removals. While carbon removals are needed in the longer term to reach climate neutrality and net-negative emissions afterwards, what we need this decade are drastic emission reductions in order to keep global warming within the Paris Agreement’s 1.5°C limit.
Second, we support the domestic scope of the Communication and the announced Carbon Removal Certification Mechanism and the cautious approach on carbon removals before 2030. We recognise that space and time have now been allocated for gaining experience and knowledge in this area.
Finally, we welcome the increased transparency and improvement in climate accounting that will result from ensuring that each tonne of CO2 captured, transported, used and stored will be reported and accounted for by its fossil, biogenic or atmospheric origin by 2028. This will be critical to get the framework for carbon removals right. It will ensure that captured industrial emissions are correctly labelled as fossil or biological, depending on their ultimate origin, and not based on a snapshot of a segment of a value chain.
However, we are gravely concerned that these positive elements will be negated by deeply problematic interactions with other policies which have their own specific aims. For instance, allowing for the trading of emissions offsets in EU regulatory and compliance frameworks in the EU’s Emissions Trading System (ETS), Effort Sharing Regulation (ESR) and the Land Use, Land-use Change, and Forestry (LULUCF) Regulation after 2030 will be extremely detrimental and counter-productive.
The trading of emissions offsets not only contradicts the stated priority of emission reductions over carbon removals, but it also fundamentally undermines the functioning of the above policy frameworks as drivers for effective emissions reductions. It is a zero-sum game that does not reduce emissions, and we do not have the luxury of time to waste on it given that emissions need to be reduced across all sectors and activities as fast and as deeply as possible.
In addition, carbon removals cannot be equated to GHG emissions reduction, and must be regulated separately. Emissions and removals should not be treated at policy level as tonne-for-tonne equivalent and simply interchangeable. Instead, demand for removal units should be created through a separate target for removing carbon from the atmosphere. Demand for removals should not come from actors that still have scope to reduce their emissions and polluting companies should not be allowed to use removal offsets (including uncertain and reversible offsets in the land use sector such as carbon in soils or forests) as a means of avoiding carbon pricing or emissions cuts in their own value chains.
The Communication should, therefore, make no openings towards including removal offsets in the EU ETS or ESR, or for using forest sinks to offset agricultural emissions under the Agriculture, Forestry and Other Land Use (AFOLU) pillar (proposed in the revised LULUCF Regulation).
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